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Sand Worms are enemies in Borderlands 2 found exclusively in the DLC, Captain Scarlett and Her Pirate's Booty. They are identified by their long worm-like bodies that burrow underground.
Sand Worms are a race of creatures native to the dry sea beds of Oasis and Wurmwater. They live and move under the hard sand and detect their prey above ground with their long hook-like feelers on their massive heads. They also have no eyes on their head as they do not need them as they use every sense except for sight.
Sand Worms' close-range attack is to bite and thrash their prey, if this prey is too far away they will jump out of their holes and dive into the ground similar to Threshers in order to cover ground. They also can and will spit corrosive acid at the player.
The best way to kill a Sand Worm with little to no damage taken, is to the shoot at their mouths as that is their weak spot. To evade their spit attacks, it is wise to walk a circle around the worm, as they cannot get a precise shot at the Vault Hunter.
Using sandskiffs are another option, due to their firepower and the ability to maneuver.
Running into a sand worm with a sandskiff will kill the sand worm or destroy the vehicle. In Normal Mode or True Vault Hunter Mode, the damage is small enough that this is an advisable strategy. But in Ultimate Vault Hunter Mode the 4x Health of the sand worms can easily deal a lot of damage to the sandskiff. Running into two to four sand worms in a row is enough to lead to sandskiff destruction (depending on character level). Remaining close to the cliffsides reduces the chance of such a collision.
Sand Worm Types
Sand Worms are the most common type of Sand Worm encountered in the game. Their difficulty is dependent on the Vault Hunter's level. Their attacks are usually a thrash, bite, and spit acid.
Sand Worm Queen
The queen is a larger version of a regular Sand Worm and are distinctive of the redder skin of a regular sand worm. They have all the regular Sand Worm attacks, but can also send out Sand Worm Grubs to do additional damage.
Sand Worm Grub
The smallest and weakest Sand Worm encountered in the game, they are sent out by the Sand Worm queen and can only bite. They are unable to burrow underground. Killing the Sand Worm queen who released them will instantly kill them as well.
The Leviathan is a massive Sand Worm that is trained to guard and protect the hidden treasure of Captain Blade. The head is similar to the sand worm in appearance, but the rest of the body is a sea creature.